CPC National Collection Plant Profile

Solidago ouachitensis

Photographer:
Casey Galvin

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CPC National Collection Plant Profile

Solidago ouachitensis


Family: 
Asteraceae  
Common Name: 
Ouachita Mountain goldenrod
Author: 
C. & J. Taylor
Growth Habit: 
Forb/herb
CPC Number: 
8229

Distribution
Protection
Conservation
References


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Solidago ouachitensisenlarge
Photographer: Casey Galvin


Solidago ouachitensis is Not Sponsored
Primary custodian for this plant in the CPC National Collection of Endangered Plants is: 
Kimberlie McCue, Ph.D. contributed to this Plant Profile.

 
Solidago ouachitensis


Solidago ouachitensis has only been collected four times since it was first collected by G. W. Stevens in 1913. During cooler, moister times this goldenrod species was likely more widespread, but is now restricted to a narrow range within the Ouachita Mountains and is thought to be a relict of the last ice age.

This goldenrod is a perennial herb that grows from two to four feet tall, producing yellow flower heads with one ray flower during the months of September and October. The Ouachita goldenrod has leaves with no stalk, the midstem leaves being coarsely toothed and larger than the few basal leaves. (USFS 2002; USFWS 1992)

Distribution & Occurrence

State Range
  Arkansas
Oklahoma
State Range of  Solidago ouachitensis
Habitat
  Moist, well-drained, gravelly soils in shaded, north-facing slopes that are significantly cooler during the hot summer weather than less shaded areas. (Taylor & Taylor 1986)

Canopy associates include: Magnolia tripetala, Fagus grandifolia, Acer rubrum, and Quercus rubra. Ground associates include: Aesculus glabra, Asarum canadense, Campanula americana, Panax quinquefolium, Toxicodendron radicans, and Hybanthus concolor.

Distribution
  S. ouachitensis occurs in the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas and Oklahoma. The goldenrod can be found in Polk and Montgomery counties in Arkansas, and in LeFlore county in Oklahoma. (Taylor & Taylor 1986)

Number Left
  Occurs within two counties in Arkansas, a very small number of plants occur in Oklahoma. (Taylor & Taylor 1986)

Protection

Global Rank:  
G3
 
6/4/1999
Guide to Global Ranks
Federal Status:  
RT
 
Guide to Federal Status
Recovery Plan:  
No
 

State/Area Protection
  State/Area Rank Status Date  
  Arkansas S3 7/1/1997  
  Oklahoma S1 3/27/1989  

Conservation, Ecology & Research

Ecological Relationships
  None known.

Threats
  Because this species is already found in a very narrow habitat range, anything that decreases the size of its suitable habitat could threatened its continued survival. This could include loss of habitat due to development as well as global warming.

Current Research Summary
  None known.

Current Management Summary
  None known.

Research Management Needs
  Survey for additional populations
Study species biology/life history
Seed germination studies needed

Ex Situ Needs
 

References

Electronic Sources

USFS. (2002). Species Account. U.S. Forest Service. http://www.fs.fed.us/ocnt/species_acct/wildflowers/ouachitagoldenrod.html. Accessed: 2002.

Journal Articles

Taylor, C.E.S.; Taylor, R.J. 1986. Solidago (Asteraceae) of limited distribution in the central United States. SIDA. 11, 3: 334-339.

USFWS. 1992. Regional News--Regions 2 & 4. Endangered Species Technical Bulletin. 17, 9-11: 9, 13-15.


  This profile was updated on 3/4/2010
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