CPC National Collection Plant Profile

Callirhoe bushii

Photographer:
Casey Galvin

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CPC National Collection Plant Profile

Callirhoe bushii


Family: 
Malvaceae  
Common Name: 
Bush's poppy-mallow
Author: 
Fern.
Growth Habit: 
Forb/herb
CPC Number: 
673

Distribution
Protection
Conservation
References


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Callirhoe bushiienlarge
Photographer: Casey Galvin

Callirhoe bushiienlarge
Photographer: Casey Galvin


Callirhoe bushii is Fully Sponsored
Primary custodian for this plant in the CPC National Collection of Endangered Plants is: 
Kimberlie McCue, Ph.D. contributed to this Plant Profile.

 
Callirhoe bushii


Callirhoe bushii is a lovely member of the poppy family, producing striking magenta flowers. First described in 1909, the plant was named in honor of Benjamin Franklin Bush (1858-1937), a prominent botanist of the time. However, considerable debate ensued over the true taxonomic status of the species and only recently has the name C. bushii been accepted as correct (Dorr 1990).

As are many other Callirhoe species, C. bushii is a popular garden plant and can be purchased from many nurseries. Gardeners should remember to always ask nursery dealers the source of their plants, however, and NEVER buy wild-collected plants.

Distribution & Occurrence

State Range
  Arkansas
Kansas
Missouri
Oklahoma
State Range of  Callirhoe bushii
Habitat
  Open rocky woodlands, edges of glades, prairies, and railroad right-of-ways, mostly in calcareous soils (Morgan 1980).

Often found with Verbesina helianthoides, Campanula americana, Ampelopsis cordata, Campsis radicans, Cassia sp., Melilotus alba, Rudbeckia triloba, Polymnia canadensis, Smilax sp., Clematis virginiana (Morgan 1980).

Distribution
  Found in Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma.

Number Left
  Approximately 50 populations among the four states in which C. bushii occurs. Individuals are scattered within population boundaries, occurring singly or in small groups.

Protection

Global Rank:  
G3
 
1/28/1998
Guide to Global Ranks
Federal Status:  
RT
 
Guide to Federal Status
Recovery Plan:  
No
 

State/Area Protection
  State/Area Rank Status Date  
  Arkansas S3 8/4/1999  
  Kansas S1 7/11/2000  
  Missouri S2 5/1/2000  
  Oklahoma S3 5/22/2001  

Conservation, Ecology & Research

Ecological Relationships
  Unknown.

Threats
  The primary threat to C. bushii is loss of habitat to development
Mowing, herbicides and other disturbances threaten populations near roads and rights-of-way (Morgan 1980, Wallace 1984).

Current Research Summary
  Chromosome research (C. Bushii has 28) (Bates et al. 1989).

Current Management Summary
  A management plan for the Hollister Railroad site in Taney County, Missouri was developed, calling for the elimination of herbicide application at the site and the initiation of selective cutting of trees and shrubs (Morgan 1980, Wallace 1984). Hollister Railroad has one of the largest populations of C. bushii.

Research Management Needs
  Management needs include eliminating herbicide use along roadsides and railroad tracks where C. bushii occurs,
Limiting mowing and selective cutting, controlling succession of woody plants and maintain open habitat and obtaining information on life history traits (Wallace 1984).

Ex Situ Needs
 

References

Books (Single Authors)

2000. Missouri Plants of Conservation Concern. Jefferson City, MO: Conservation Commission of Missouri--Missouri Department of Conservation.

Gleason, H.A. 1952. The New Britton and Brown illustrated flora of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. New York, NY: Hafner Press. 1732p.

Gleason, H.A.; Cronquist, A. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Bronx: The New York Botanical Garden.

Gray, A.; Fernald, M.L. 1987. Gray's manual of botany: a handbook of the flowering plants and ferns of the central and northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. Portland, Or.: Dioscorides Press. 1632p.

Roedner, B.J.; Hamilton, D.A.; Evans, K.E. 1978. Rare Plants of the Ozark Plateau: A Field Guide. St. Paul, Minnesota: North Central Forest Experiment Station, U.S. Forest Service. 238p.

Smith, E.B. 1988. An Atlas and Annotated List of the Vascular Plants of Arkansas. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas. 489p.

Steyermark, J.A. 1977. Flora of Missouri. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. 1728p.

Yatskievich, G.; Turner, J. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. St. Louis, MO and Ann Arbor, MI: Missouri Botanical Garden/Braun-Brumfield Inc. 345p.

Zanoni, T.A.; Gentry, J.L., Jr.; Tyrl, R.J.; Risser, P.G. 1979. Endangered and threatened plants of Oklahoma. Norman: University of Oklahoma and Oklahoma State University. 64p.

Books (Sections)

Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the U.S., Canada, and Greenland. In: Kartesz, J.T.; Meacham, C.A., editors. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden. Chapel Hill, NC.

Electronic Sources

(2002). New York Botanical Garden--The Virtual Herbarium. [Searchable Web site] New York Botanical Garden. Fordham Road Bronx, New York. http://scisun.nybg.org:8890/searchdb/owa/wwwspecimen.searchform. Accessed: 2002.

Journal Articles

Bates, D.M.; Dorr, L.J.; Blanchard, O.J, Jr. 1989. Chromosome numbers in Callirhoe (Malvaceae). Brittonia. 41, 2: 143-151.

Dorr, L.J. 1990. A revision of the North American genus Callirhoe (Malvaceae). Rhodora. 58: 100-102.

Dorr, L.J. 1990. A revision of the North American genus Callirhoe. Memoirs New York Botanical Garden. 56: 1-74.

Emery, W.H.P. 1956. Some chromosome numbers in the genus Callirhoe (Malvaceae). Memoirs New York Botanical Garden. 56: 1-76.

Martin, R.F. 1938. Miscellaneous notes on United States plants. Rhodora. 40: 459-461.

Waterfall, U.T. 1959. Callirhoe bushii (Malvaceae): A variety of C. papaver. Southwestern Naturalist. 3: 215-216.

Wilson, B.L. 1992. Checklist of the vascular flora of Page County, Iowa. 99, 1: 23-33.

Reports

Kral, R. 1983. A report on some rare, threatened or endangered forest related vascular plants of the south. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Forest Service. p.718. USFS technical publication R8-TP2, . Vol. 1.

Kral, R. 1983. A report on some rare, threatened, or endangered forest-related vascular plants of the South. Athens, GA: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service. p.1305. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service Technical.

Morgan, S.W. 1980. Status report on Callirhoe papaver (Cav.) Gray var. bushii (Fern.) Waterfall. Missouri Department of Conservation. p.19. Unpublished report.

Morgan, S.W. 1984. Select, Rare and Endangered Plants of Missouri. Jefferson City, Missouri: Conservation Commission of the State of Missouri. p.28.

Tucker, G.E. 1983. Status report on Callirhoe papaver var. bushii (Fern.)Waterfall. Arkansas Natural Heritage Commission. p.41. Unpublished report.

Wallace, M. 1984. Management of Bush's poppy mallow and royal catchfly at Hollister Railroad. Missouri Department of Conservation. p.6. Unpublished report.

Theses

Taylor, R.J.; Taylor, C.E.S. 1991. An annotated list of the ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms, and flowering plants of Oklahoma. Southeastern Oklahoma State University. Durant, OK.


  This profile was updated on 9/28/2010
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