CPC National Collection Plant Profile

Calamintha ashei

Photographer:
c. 1991 Steve Shirah

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CPC National Collection Plant Profile

Calamintha ashei


Family: 
Lamiaceae  
Common Name: 
Ashe's savory
Author: 
(Weatherby) Shinners
Growth Habit: 
Forb/herb
CPC Number: 
665

Distribution
Protection
Conservation
References


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Calamintha asheienlarge
Photographer: c. 1991 Steve Shirah

Calamintha asheienlarge
Photographer: c. 1991 Steve Shirah


Calamintha ashei is Fully Sponsored
Primary custodian for this plant in the CPC National Collection of Endangered Plants is: 
Nick Baker contributed to this Plant Profile.

 
Calamintha ashei


Calamintha asheii is an aromatic (member of the mint family), bushy shrub that can grow to two feet tall. Its up to 1/2 inch-long leaves are needle-like, and it produces small, pinkish-purple flowers from January to April. It is found mostly in openings of pine scrub habitat in Florida, but can also be found in disturbed areas such as abandoned fields, roadsides, and fire lanes. (NatureServe 2001; FNAI 2001)

Distribution & Occurrence

State Range
  Florida
Georgia
State Range of  Calamintha ashei
Habitat
  Grows in sand dunes along the Ohoopee River. Found in canopy openings and disturbed areas in the sand pine/scrub oak communities of Florida's xeric uplands. (Coile 2000) Often found with scattered rosemary, woody goldenrod, and red mint shrub or scarlet wild basil.

Distribution
  Found in the Florida central highlands and southeastern Georgia. (NatureServe 2001)

Number Left
  There are 60 to 80 occurrences in the Florida Central Highlands and southeastern Georgia. (NatureServe 2001)

Protection

Global Rank:  
G3
 
12/22/1997
Guide to Global Ranks
Federal Status:  
SC
 
Guide to Federal Status
Recovery Plan:  
No
 

State/Area Protection
  State/Area Rank Status Date  
  Florida S3 LT 8/18/2001  

Conservation, Ecology & Research

Ecological Relationships
  Menges & Kimmich (1996) found that the presence of the threatened C. ashei increased the mortality of another threatened plant, Eryngium cuneifolium, more than other shrub species in the same habitat, suggesting that C. ashei produces allelopathic substances.

Threats
  Habitat threatened by development and agriculture, particularly the citrus industry. (NatureServe 2001)

Current Research Summary
  The phytochemistry of substances in this mint have been studied in relation to allelopathic substances and more. (Marcias et al. 1989; Tanrisever et al. 1988; Weidenhamer et al. 1994; Fisher et al. 1994)

Current Management Summary
  + No active management known to be in progress.

Research Management Needs
  Determine proper conditions for seed germination
Find common characteristics of vigorous populations
Assess proper management methods
Protect existing populations
Further develop and implement formal recovery plan.
(NatureServe 2001)

Ex Situ Needs
 

References

Books (Single Authors)

Coile, N.C. 2000. Notes on Florida's Regulated Plant Index (Rule 5B-40), Botany Contribution 38. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Dept. of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry.

Godfrey, R.K. 1988. Trees, shrubs, and woody vines of northern Florida and adjacent Georgia and Alabama. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press. 734p.

Small, J.K. 1933. Manual of the southeastern flora. New York, NY: Hafner Publishing Company. 1505p.

Wunderlin, R.P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida. 806p.

Books (Sections)

Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the U.S., Canada, and Greenland. In: Kartesz, J.T.; Meacham, C.A., editors. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden. Chapel Hill, NC.

Electronic Sources

(2001). Floridata - Encyclopedia of Plants and Nature. [Searchable Web site] Floridata.com LC. http://www.floridata.com/tracks/scrub/endangered/menu_end.htm. Accessed: 2002.

(2002). Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants. [Web site] University of South Florida Institute for Systematic Botany. http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/isb/default.htm. Accessed: 2008.

Denton, S. (2001). Photo Library of Native and Naturalized Plants of Florida. Biological Research Associates. http://www.biolresearch.com/Plants/index.php?id=C. Accessed: 2002.

NatureServe. (2008). NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. [Internet].Version 7.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. http://www.natureserve.org/explorer. Accessed: (June 17, 2008).

Journal Articles

Carrington, M.E. 1999. Post-fire seedling establishment in Florida sand pine scrub. Journal of Vegetation Science. 10, 3: 403-412.

Fischer, N.H.; Williamson, G.B.; Weidenhamer, J.D. 1994. In Search of Alleopathy in the Florida Scrub--The Role of Terpenoids. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 20, 6: 1355-1380.

Hernandez, H.P. Search for Allelochemicals in Rice (Oryza sativa L.) and Structure Determination of External Flavonoids of Calamintha ashei. Dissertation Abstracts International. 50-05, Section: B: 1944.

Johnson, A.F. 1982. Some demographic characteristics of the Florida rosemary, Ceratiola ericoides. American Midland Naturalist. 108, 1: 170-174.

Macias, F.A.; Fronczek, F.R.; Fischer, N.H. 1989. Menthofurans from Calamintha ashei and the Absolute Configuration of Desacetycalminthone. Phytochemistry. 28, 1: 79-82.

Menges, E.S.; Kimmich, J. 1996. Microhabitat and time-since-fire: Effects on demography of Eryngium cuneifolium (Apiaceae), a Florida scrub endemic plant. American Journal of Botany. 83, 2: 185-191.

Shinners, L.H. 1962. Calamintha (Labiatae) in the southern United States. Sida. 1: 69-75.

Tanrisever, N. Plant Germination and Growth Inhibitors from Ceratiola ericoides and Calamintha ashei. Dissertation Abstracts International. 47-08, Section: B: 3190.

Tanrisever, N.; Fischer, N.H.; Williamson, G.B. 1988. Menthofurans from Calamintha ashei - Effects on Schizachyrium scoparium and Lactuca sativa. Phytochemistry. 27, 8: 2523-2526.

Weidenhamer, J.; Menelaou, M.A.; Macias, F.A.; Fischer, N.H.; Richardson, D.R.; Williamson, G.B. 1994. Allelopathic potential of menthofuran monoterpenes from Calamintha ashei. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 20, 12: 3345-3359.

Reports

Christman, S.P. 1988. Endemism and Florida's interior sand pine scrub. Tallahassee, Florida: Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission. p.247 + maps, tables & appendices. Final project report on project #GFC-84-101.

Kral, R. 1983. A report on some rare, threatened, or endangered forest-related vascular plants of the South. Athens, GA: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service. p.1305. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service Technical.

MacAllister, B.A.; Harper, M.G. 1998. Management of Florida Scrub for Threatened and Endangered Species. US Army Corps of Engineers, Construction Engineering Research Laboratories. p.95. USACERL Technical Report 99/19.

McCollum, J.L.; Ettman, D.R. 1987. Georgia's protected plants. Social Circle, GA: Georgia Dept. of Natural Resources, and the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. p.64.

USFWS. 1993. Final environmental assessment and land protection plan, proposed establishment of Lake Wales Ridge National Wildlife Refuge, Highlands and Polk Counties, Florida. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Southeast Region.

USFWS. 1996. Recovery Plan for Nineteen Central Florida Scrub and High Pineland Plants (revised). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. p.134.


  This profile was updated on 3/4/2010
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