CPC National Collection Plant Profile

Solidago verna

Photographer:
Rob Gardner

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CPC National Collection Plant Profile

Solidago verna


Family: 
Asteraceae  
Common Names: 
spring goldenrod, spring golden-rod
Author: 
M.A. Curtis
Growth Habit: 
Forb/herb
CPC Number: 
4050

Distribution
Protection
Conservation
References


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Solidago vernaenlarge
Photographer: Rob Gardner
Image Owner: North Carolina Botanical Garden


Solidago verna is Not Sponsored
Primary custodian for this plant in the CPC National Collection of Endangered Plants is: 

 
Solidago verna


Solidago verna is the only spring-flowering goldenrod that occurs in the Sandhills and Coastal Plain of the Carolinas. It can be found in a wide array of habitats, including pine savannas, pocosins, and pine barrens. Solidago verna stems can reach 5’ tall and it flowers from late April to June displaying many relatively large, showy yellow heads (TNC 1993). This narrow-endemic is state-listed endangered in North Carolina and South Carolina. Despite the similarity between its current and historical distribution, it is likely that a number of historical occurrences have been extirpated through human-related disturbances and fire suppression (TNC 1993). Its primary threat is loss of habitat through fire suppression and land-use conversion.

Distribution & Occurrence

State Range
  North Carolina
South Carolina
State Range of  Solidago verna
Habitat
  Streamhead Pocosin ecotones, terraces along the Little River, wet pine flatwoods (TNC 1993)

Distribution
  Sandhills and Coastal Plains of North Carolina and South Carolina (TNC 1993)

Number Left
  71 extant populations are now known from 15 counties. 37 of the populations are on federal lands. (TNC 1993)

Protection

Global Rank:  
G3
 
12/22/1997
Guide to Global Ranks
Federal Status:  
SC
 
1/19/1996
Guide to Federal Status
Recovery Plan:  
No
 

State/Area Protection
  State/Area Rank Status Date  
  North Carolina S3 E/PT 1/19/1988  
  South Carolina S1 B 6/19/1990  

Conservation, Ecology & Research

Ecological Relationships
  Solidago verna is found in groups containing several plants to several hundred plants in relatively well-drained sites with mineral soil. Adapted to fire disturbance, this is the only goldenrod that flowers in the spring in the Sandhills and Coastal Plain. The timing of flowering is considered to be in the peak “wildfire season”. This may be a strategy to capitalize on the excellent reproductive and germination opportunities that follow a burn (TNC 1993).

Threats
  Habitat loss due to fire suppression and land development. (TNC 1993)

Current Research Summary
  Reproductive strategies were investigated by graduate student Martha Brewster at North Carolina State University. (Brewster 1995)

Current Management Summary
  In North Carolina, 37 of the populations are on federal land (NFS or DoD). Most of these populations, which are found in the Croatan National Forest and Fort Bragg, are benefiting from expanded use of prescribed burning. Burns at Fort Bragg occur on a 3 year, growing season rotation.

Research Management Needs
  • Fire management on populations not receiving such management.
• Monitoring and demographic studies and census counts are needed to determine management efficacy.
• Research on the relationship between this species and fire disturbance is also needed. This species may better respond to a less frequent burning regime (TNC 1993)

Ex Situ Needs
  • Seed collection from populations not represented in collection (only 1 population represented in NCBG collection).

References

Books (Single Authors)

Cronquist, A. 1980. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. Vol. 1. Asteraceae. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 261p.

Radford, A.E.; Ahles, H.E.; Bell, C.R. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. 1183p.

Books (Sections)

Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the U.S., Canada, and Greenland. In: Kartesz, J.T.; Meacham, C.A., editors. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden. Chapel Hill, NC.

Reports

1995. 1995 Annual report on taxa in the national collection for North Carolina Botanical Garden. Annual report to the Center for Plant Conservation. p.1.

Kral, R. 1983. A report on some rare, threatened, of endangered forest-related vascular plants of the south. Atlanta, GA: USDA Forest Service, Southeast Region. Technical Publication R8-TP2.

TNC. 1993. Rare and endangered plant survey and natural area inventory of Fort Bragg and Camp MacKall military reservations, North Carolina. Sandhills Field Office: Final report by The Nature Conservancy.

Theses

Brewster, Martha Marie. 1995. The phenology, reproductive biology and habitat of two Solidago verna populations near Fayetteville, North Carolina. [M.S. Thesis]: North Carolina State University. 59p.


  This profile was updated on 3/4/2010
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