CPC National Collection Plant Profile

Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii

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CPC National Collection Plant Profile

Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii


Family: 
Cactaceae  
Common Names: 
black lace cactus, Fitch's hedgehog cactus
Author: 
(Britt. & Rose) L. Benson
Growth Habit: 
Shrub
CPC Number: 
1571

Distribution
Protection
Conservation
References


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Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertiienlarge
Image Owner: San Antonio Botanical Garden

Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertiienlarge
Image Owner: San Antonio Botanical Garden


Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii is Not Sponsored
Primary custodian for this plant in the CPC National Collection of Endangered Plants is: 
Cindy Barrett contributed to this Plant Profile.

 
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii


Black Lace Cactus is a small ornamental cactus with landscape value. It has large pink to light purple flowers (Merritt, pers. comm.). Variety albertii grows in south Texas along the Gulf Coast in only three counties. Over the years it has been over-collected due to its beautiful flowers. Like other south Texas species, habitat destruction is one of the major threats to this plant. (USFWS 1987).

Distribution & Occurrence

State Range
  Texas
State Range of  Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii
Habitat
  Sandy-loam brush tracts (USFWS 1987)

Distribution
  Three Texas Gulf Coast counties (Refugio, Jim Wells, and Kleberg) (USFWS 1987)

Number Left
  Three populations are known to exist in the wild, all of which occurred on private land at the time the recovery plan for this species was written. (USFWS 1987)

Protection

Global Rank:  
G5T1Q
 
1/16/2002
Guide to Global Ranks
Federal Status:  
LE
 
1/19/1996
Guide to Federal Status
Recovery Plan:  
Yes
 

State/Area Protection
  State/Area Rank Status Date  
  Texas S3 2/20/1992  

Conservation, Ecology & Research

Ecological Relationships
  Unknown.

Threats
  Over-collection
Habitat destruction
Grazing
(USFWS 1987)

Current Research Summary
  The San Antonio Botanical Garden collected seed from the wild and propagated. Plants grew easily from seed.

Current Management Summary
  The San Antonio Botanical Garden maintains plants in cold frame and in test plot. They have been plagued by scale insects.
At the time when the recovery plan for this species was written, private landowners where the species was found were being contacted by The Nature Conservancy and urged to protect the plants on their property. One family had already joined the Conservancy's Land Steward Society, indicating their voluntary willingness to protect the beautiful rare cacti on their land (USFWS 1987)

Research Management Needs
  Need to collect seeds from the three populations and send to the National Seed Storage Lab for long term storage.
Ecology and population biology studies needed (USFWS 1986)

Ex Situ Needs
  See research/management needs.

References

Books (Single Authors)

Benson, L. 1982. The Cacti of the United States and Canada. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. 1044p.

Correll, D.S.; Johnston, M.C. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. Renner: Texas Research Foundation. 1881p.

Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1983. Where have all the wildflowers gone? A region-by-region guide to threatened or endangered U.S. wildflowers. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. Inc. 239p.

Poole, J.M.; Riskind, D.H. 1987. Endangered, threatened, or protected native plants of Texas. Austin, TX: Texas Parks Wildlife Department.

Taylor, N.P. 1985. The genus Echinocereus. Portland, OR: Timber Press. 160p.

Weniger, D. 1984. Cacti of Texas and neighboring states: a field guide. Austin: University of Texas Press. 356p.

Books (Sections)

Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the U.S., Canada, and Greenland. In: Kartesz, J.T.; Meacham, C.A., editors. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden. Chapel Hill, NC.

Electronic Sources

(2002). Texas Threatened and Endangered Plants--Profiles. Texas Parks and Wildlife. http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/nature/endang/plants/index.htm. Accessed: 2002.

Journal Articles

USFWS. 1979. Determination that Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii is an Endangered Species. Federal Register. 44, 209: 61918-61920.

Personal Communications

Merritt, J. 2001. Janis Merritt, Native Plant Curator, San Antonio Botanical Garden, personal communication to Cindy Barrett.

Reports

USFWS. 1987. Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii recovery plan. Albuquerque, NM: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Weniger, D. 1979. Status report on Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii. Albuquerque, NM: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Theses

Emmett, Raymond Timothy. 1989. An evaluation of the soil seed reserve of the black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii. [M.A. Thesis]: University of Texas. Austin.

Ross, Robert Grant, III. 1980. Studies in the Cactaceae. [Ph.D.]: The University of Oklahoma. 54p.


  This profile was updated on 9/28/2010
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